Systems Basics: Systemic solutions with evidence-based medicine for relief from Insomnia – the systems thinking for everyone’s body through Traditional Chinese Medicine on the systems science of Taichi Yin-Yang Five Elements 系統論基礎工作坊:循證醫學緩解失眠的探討 – 藉以理解人類身體的系統性與中醫藥學之太極陰陽五行天地人的東方系統思維

 International Society for the Systems Sciences 61th conference

Sunday Afternoon workshop: 

Insomnia has become a modern city sickness. Research has been carried out to evaluate different Traditional Chinese Medicine treatments using evidence-based medicine methodologies. The cause of insomnia may come from one or more of the five elements systems, including the Wood mental system, the Fire emotional system, the Metal behavioural system, the Water spiritual system, and the Earth physical system (with one or more of its five sub-systems).

From this analysis we will try to find the common structure and relationship that can be generalized using systems thinking which could be applied to treat different sickness and promote healthcare. Research has shown that this systems thinking is rooted in the fundamental concept in traditional Chinese culture since around 500BC. The concept is also embedded in the teaching of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese system theories under investigation include the Taichi yin-yang system theory, the Five systems theory of the human mind, and the Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process. These theories are found to be related to different modern system theories including Viable system model.

Taichi yin-yang system theory describes the relationship between any two entities (element/process) at any level of interest. It concerns the quantitative and qualitative changes between the entities. This is related to causal loop diagram (CLD) in system dynamics which uses reinforcing loop and balancing loop. The observer is not specified in the theories, but the perspectives of the observer actually determine the entities, the unit of quantitative changes, and the ratio of qualitative changes. The Five systems theory of the human mind is one of the important concepts developed in the teaching of Buddha. The Five systems are: awareness, perspective, sensation, action and physical object. These five systems can be used to describe the properties of the observer and the decision maker.

The Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process is a practical systemic process that has been used daily for more than 2000 years. It is believed that the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems can be suitably accommodated. The system state identification involves three pairs of direction-forming spectrums. The Superficial and Internal spectrum gathers information between the boundary and the system. The Cold and Hot spectrum gathers information between the form and function, or matter and energy within the system. The Deficient and Excess spectrum gathers information between the environment and the system. Strategy can then be formulated to regulate and maintain the system.

 

Systems Basics: Systemic solutions with evidence-based medicine for better concentrations – the systems thinking for everyone’s mind through the teaching of Buddha on the systems science of Five Aggregates 系統論基礎工作坊:循證醫學提高專注力的探討 – 藉以理解人類思想的系統性與佛學五蘊的東方系統思維

 International Society for the Systems Sciences 61th conference

Sunday Morning Systems Basics workshop:

The ability to concentrate has grown in importance in the ever speeding pace of modern society. The feedback cycle of information and matter are getting faster and faster. Moreover, multi-tasking has become a fundamental prerequisite for daily work. Furthermore, quality of services and quantity of serving duration keep increasing. All these factors require our good concentration. Research has been carried out to evaluate different treatments using evidence-based medicine methodologies. One of the treatments is the observation of one’s breath, namely Anapana, and its extension to the observation of the bodily sensations called Vipassana. In this workshop we will practice the mini version of the treatment.

From the analysis of the practice, we will try to find the common structure and relationship that can be generalized using systems thinking which could help us understand how our minds work. Research has shown that this systems thinking is rooted from the teaching of Buddha.

The application of system theory requires the understanding of ourselves and of each other, the nature, and the past and future possibilities in a systemic way. That is, we need to understand both the structure and dynamics of our physical body systems, and of our mental mind observations. Research shows that the composition of our body and that of our mind may be explained by the same system theory relating to energy, matter, life and information. We employed this simple ancient system theory as taught by Buddha to investigate how our naturally systemic-structured mind arbitrarily developed all the non-systemic and problematic way of thinking. We use our body to experience the world around us but our mind is the one which is observing and making decisions to change the world. System theory sees the world as composing of observers, decision makers, systems, the environment, the boundaries and relationships between them. There are in effect two opposite forces in the world that constantly interact with each other, creating a flow of energy, matter and information between systems and the environment. On one hand we have the disorder force governed by the second law of thermodynamics that drives everything into an equilibrium state with maximum entropy. On the other hand we have the organizational force governed by the constraints of a system that drives the system into a particular desired steady state with a low entropy.

Our minds are both the observer and the decision maker confronting a major problem. Throughout our life we look for satisfaction that brings happiness. Our government has been relying on economics to achieve this but 80% of the time we are dissatisfied with the people and situations around us, giving rise to craving, aversion and ignorance in our minds and creating all sorts of problems in our society. This is called suffering in the teaching of Buddha, and he offered us a three step solution for our mind. In this workshop we will investigate the systemic view of these three steps, namely self-protection, concentration and purification of mind. We will also investigate a 10-day Vipassana mental healthcare program for people of all religions including scientific communities. It is believed that such a program could bring happiness, peace and harmony for our society.

Is death the end of our lives or just the beginning of another new life? A system undergoes a transition of system state upon death, but will the system continue in other forms at other places? Or will it just terminate totally? What are the possible new system states and are they sustainable? In this workshop we will investigate the sustainability of Heaven, Hell, Earth and Nibbana (null). We will also investigate the way to prepare ourselves to transit into these states.

 

9-14 July 2017 ISSS World 61th Conference, call for papers, Vienna, Austria

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From Science to Systems to Systemic Solutions: Systems Thinking for Everyone is the theme of the 61st World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), hosted this year in cooperation with the renowned Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science and convening at the Vienna University of Economics and Business. ISSS2017 Vienna is the premiere global event for trans-disciplinary research, presentations, and workshops that bridge the gap between systems science and practice to advance innovative concepts, design applications, and more toward systemic sustainability and transformation across technological, ecological, and social systems. This year, the conference framework will feature speakers and sessions aimed at bringing academics, industry and governmental leaders, and practitioners together to explore the creative tensions and opportunities for systems research, application, and design at the intersection of humans, nature, organization, and technology through these themes: Government and Governance; Economy; Health; Ecosystems; and Innovation, Education & Development. The call for papers is now open, and can be found here. Multiple student awards will be given, and all papers are eligible for  a new “Best Conference Theme Paper” award sponsored by MDPI. Students are especially encouraged to submit. With more than 22 Special Interest Groups convening, and a pre-conference doctoral program offered, this conference promises to enrich and expand your knowledge, networks and more. See our conference website more information, including registration details and the call for papers, www.isss2017vienna.com.

發自 from 黃炎 E C

2017 International Society for the Systems Sciences ISSS 61th conference Health and Systems Thinking Special Integration Group SIG Call for papers #isss61 國際系統科學協會第61屆國際研討會

2017 International Society for the Systems Sciences ISSS 61th conference
Health and Systems Thinking Special Integration Group SIG

Call for papers

The World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition of health in their constitution is: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” We employ the Chinese five elements systems theory to categorize health systems into physical health (Earth), mental health (Wood), emotional health (Fire), behavioural health (Metal), and spiritual health (Water). This Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Systemic Healthcare Engineering theory can be applied according to the viewpoint of any particular observer. Further study reveals that the same structure could be also applied to the levels above and below the particular observer level, as well as the interactions between the levels. http://www.yinyangbalance.asia/blog/?p=2282

A Five Elements Level i+-1 system structure is proposed as an observer-system structure. Every point of view (Wood) will have its own choice of perspectives (Water), which will form a particular observer and hence a specific set of analysis (Fire), behaviour (Metal) and physical systems (Earth). These points of view could originate from DNA level, virus level, cell level, human individual level, organizational level, governmental level, or even the whole earth level.

Extending the theories for systemic health of human into the systemic health of any systems with any observer’s point of view, is the development towards the General System Theory. Hopefully we will eventually meet with other Special Integration Groups at the same point with similar systems theories. We are also looking forward to the moment when the western systems theories meets with the eastern systems theories, and together they integrate to benefit the world in solving complex problems.

If you share this vision (Wood), then I invite you to use this insightful gut feeling (Fire) through your heart to make it happen (Metal), by submitting your papers (Earth) or coming to the Conference for group discussions (Earth). We will all benefit from the pool of knowledge stored in the environment of perspectives (Water) accumulated in all the experts and members of International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS).

Let us discuss health and any kinds of systems thinking at any of the above areas and levels. Abstract presentations are also welcome. Let us take this opportunity during this systems thinking age, to investigate how a particular health issue could be analyzed with systems thinking, and evolve together for better understanding of the issue and for feasible systemic solutions.

This is a project that cannot be accomplished by one pair of hands. This is indeed a historical milestone that requires a collective mind-sharing to establish. I appeal to your support and look forward to your contributions.

Presentation format (Taichi): 15-20min presentation (Yang), 5min for feedback and questions (Yin), and 5min to integrate with other papers and the theme of the Conference (new level of Taichi).

The theme of  International Society for the Systems Sciences ISSS 2017 61th conference in Vienna includes:

Dreaming about Systems theory and Taichi Yin-Yang system theory

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It seem that after joining the ISSS for 10years, all the people really get into my mind consciously and also subconsciously, because you people start getting into my dreams more and more often. The week before I dreams of Jennifer telling me the new policies of ISSS. And after I arrived Vancouver, I dreamed of John kinaman giving a workshop in a room full of people, talking about the fundamental phenomenon in our daily lives that cannot be explained in our everyday languages. And I was so excited in the dream and I said: “This is outside the scope of our daily language and we need to invent another language to explain all these…” And then I suddenly got inspired in the dream and said: “This is exactly what the Chinese Taichi Yin-Yang system theory is about, and this is exactly what Systems theories are all about”. I as so excited that I woke up and found myself keep talking and waving my hand! Maybe the workshop was held in University of British Columbia. Ha ha ha, thanks to all of you for inspiring me with all these wisdoms. ^o^

發自 from 黃炎 E C

ISSS2016 60th conference University of Colorado Boulder, Engineering Mathematics

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ISSS 2016
Health and System Thinking SIG

1. Workshop

Sunday: July 24, 2016 – Pre-Conference Workshops
10:00 – 12:30 Pre-conference Workshops ECCR 1B51
1. Systems Basics in Understanding System Wholeness “Reuniting Nature and Humanity”: The Oriental Systems Thinking in the teaching of Buddha. 系統論基礎工作坊之一:佛學的東方系統思維 – 以天人合一理解系統完整性 #2865
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Sunday: July 24, 2016 – Pre-Conference Workshops
14:00 – 17:00 Pre-conference Workshops ECCR 1B51
2. Systems Basics in Understanding System Wholeness “Reuniting Nature and Humanity”: The Oriental Systems Thinking in Traditional Chinese Medicine 系統論基礎工作坊之二:中醫藥學的東方系統思維 – 以天人合一理解系統完整性 #2866
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Wednesday July 27, 2016
13:30 – 15:00 Engineering Room ECCR265
3. Workshop #2905 Day I, III: Topic(s) 2,6
System Wholeness and Unity In Diversity within ISSS
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2. Paper

Tuesday: July 26, 2016
15:30 – 17:00 Engineering Room ECCR265
SIG Chairing: Health and System Thinking
Five elements systemic healthcare program for physically strong emotionally happy mentally kind behaviorally charitable and spiritually enlightened – Reuniting Nature and Humanity 五行養生法之修身健康、修心受樂、慈悲養性、修行為善、正見靈修、以體現天人合一。
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3. Posters: Everyday Engineering Lobby
1. SIG: HEALTH AND SYSTEM THINKING: Physical Healthcare 健康與系統思維特別融合小組:修身健康#2867
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2. SIG: HEALTH AND SYSTEM THINKING: Spiritual Healthcare健康與系統思維特別融合小組:正見靈修#2868
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3. SIG: HEALTH AND SYSTEM THINKING: THE QUEST FOR A GENERAL SYSTEM THEORY FOR ANY PARTICULAR PERSPECTIVE – “Unity in Diversity as a natural principle”健康與系統思維特別融合小組:尋找適用於任何一個觀點的廣義系統論 – 以多元性合一作為自然法則 #2869
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If you have missed any of the above session, please come and contact me for a personal discussion. ^o^

Tomas
Bachelor of Engineering in Information Technology
Bachelor from Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Master of Engineering in Telecommunication

Interest: Traditional Chinese Medicine Engineering, General System Theory, Ancient Chinese and India system theory, Confucianism five virtues system, Buddha’s five aggregates human mind system, Buddha’s Eight-fold noble path meditation methodology, Taoism Taichi Yin-Yang System theory, Traditional Chinese Medicine Differential Diagnosis-Cure process, Health and system thinking, Healthcare Protection Program, TCM diet therapy, Middle-way exercise therapy, 24h lifestyle therapy, TCM clinical research, pain therapy, Spirituality and Systems, Vipassana mental healthcare mind mastering methodology, VSM, Art of Science, Art of Living, Art of Dying, Heaven and Hell, Nibbana(Null), happiness and harmony, Taichi organizational force, entropy, second law of thermodynamics..

http://www.YinYangBalance.Asia/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/TomasYinYangBalance

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發自 from 黃炎 E C

System Basics Workshop: From System Basics to Anthropocene – the perspective of Traditional Chinese Medicine and that of the teaching of Buddha.

Papernumber: 2428

Tomas, E C Yan HUANG
Causeway Bay, HK, Hong Kong.
http://www.yinyangbalance.asia/

Sunday 2015.Aug.02 System Basics workshop full day at ISSS2015 conference at Berlin, Germany http://isss.org/world/Programme

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Anthropocene is becoming more and more important as the balance shifts more and more towards the human side of the nature-human spectrum. The whole environment(nature)-system(human) Yin-Yang relationship has reversed to become a system(nature)-environment(human) Yin-Yang relationship.

In this Anthropocene age, determination of the sustainable balancing point is one of the challenging tasks. The interaction between different systems forms the balancing point between any one of the systems and its corresponding environment. Each system holds onto its own perspectives (rights and freedom) and at the same time adapts (respect and obey) to the perspectives of other systems. Therefore, it is about the balance between the nature-human Yin spectrum and the adaptation-freedom Yang spectrum.

Human would naturally pursue for the freedom side of the Yang spectrum, however, this will push the Yin spectrum to the human side developing a very imbalanced system. Such system would get into a turbulent stage before the balancing point between new systems and environments is settled, which could be disastrous to human.
The balance between the two spectrums would mean certain sacrifice to the freedom of human. However, would there be another way out of this sacrifice? Human take nature for granted but without fully understanding the sub-systems in nature on which we have been relying. However,could human develop the knowledge and wisdom to re-create a nature that would support the survival of our physical body and at the same time satisfy the unlimited needs for freedom by human? This is the second challenge in this Anthropocene age, Governing the Anthropocene.

In this workshop we will start from the system basics of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theory in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the Five systems theory in the teaching of Buddha, with a view to gradually building up the systemic views to understand and analyze the Governing of Anthropocene.

The systemic thinking of the unification of nature and man has been the fundamental concept in traditional Chinese culture since around 500BC. The concept is also embedded in the teaching of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese system theories under investigation include the Taichi yin-yang system theory, the Five systems theory of the human mind, and the Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process. These theories are found to be related to different modern system theories compared including Viable system model.

Taichi yin-yang system theory describes the relationship between any two entities (element/process) at any level of interest. It concerns the quantitative and qualitative changes between the entities. This is related to causal loop diagram (CLD) in system dynamics which uses reinforcing loop and balancing loop. The observer is not specified in the theories, but the perspectives of the observer actually determine the entities, the unit of quantitative changes, and the ratio of qualitative changes.

The Five systems theory of the human mind is one of the important concepts developed in the teaching of Buddha. The Five systems are: awareness, perspective, sensation, action and physical object. These five systems are able to describe the properties of the observer and the decision maker.

The Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process is a practical systemic process that has been used daily for more than 2000 years. It is believed that the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems is suitable. The system state identification involves three pairs of direction-forming spectrums. The Superficial and Internal spectrum gathers information between the boundary and the system. The Cold and Hot spectrum gathers information between the form and function, or matter and energy within the system. The Deficient and Excess spectrum gathers information between the environment and the system. Strategy can then be formulated to regulate and maintain the system.

Keywords: Anthropocene, Buddhism, Causal loop diagram CLD, Confucianism, Five systems of human mind, General System Theory, Health and system thinking, quantitative and qualitative changes, Spirituality and Systems, System dynamics, Taichi Yin-Yang System Theory, Taoism, Buddha’s teaching, Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process, Unification of nature and man, Viable system model VSM. |
Supporting Agencies: Ancient Balance Medicine Research and Education Fund Foundation Ltd.

發自 from 黃炎 E C

The gathering of the great minds 高手雲集

國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

#ISSS2014 #ISSS58 th conference finished so quickly! Feel like I have just arrived yesterday!

Using Earth as a frame of reference, it rotated 5 days. But using my amount of spare time as a frame of reference, it feels like one day! Usingthe number of happy moments as a frame of reference, it should feel like a year in heaven!

Thanks to all the organizers and participants, observers and systems! We came as individuals with thick walls. After building bridges here and eventually dissolving our boundaries, we leave as a better connected network of an unified super-organism!

Exchanging unconditional love and advanced to a higher level of consciousness. Hopefully eventually understanding the truth of ourselves and the universe.

See you all again next year in Germany! In the meantime, be happy and healthy ^o^ www.ISSS.org

— 在 The George Washington University

 

SYNTHESIZING TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE AND ENGINEERING THROUGH SYSTEM ENGINEERING – Traditional Chinese Medicine Engineering 以系統工程學綜合中醫藥與工程學 – 中醫藥工程學

Presentation: 13:30 Parallel Sessions – Tuesday July 29, 2014 Funger Hall Room 207 Funger Hall Room 220 ISSS2014 conference paper #2286

Full Paper: T S L Wong, E C Yan Huang, 2016, Synthesising Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through Systems Engineering: Traditional Chinese Medicine Engineering Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), Vol 1, No 1 (2016) ISSN: 1999-6918

ABSTRACT

This paper searches for an entry point and a platform to learn across boundaries to achieve synthesis, so that Traditional Chinese Medicine and system engineering could also understand each other and benefit from each other. The search involves investigation of both western and eastern point of view including systems theories, set theory, Confucianism, and Daoism. A promising Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System is established through this research.

Keywords: Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System 陰陽五行天地人系統, pattern identification/syndrome differentiation and treatment/ Differential Diagnosis-cure process 辨證論治, holism 整體觀念, unification between nature and human 天人相應, differentiation and integration 分辨與整合,微分與積分, Fractals, macroscopic-microscopic systemic view 宏觀與微觀的系統性, 中庸 doctrine of the mean, 中道 The middle path, synthesizing, traditional chinese medicine, engineering, system engineering, traditional chinese medicine engineering 中醫藥工程學, Systems Thinking, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart, DSRP system, Relational Theory, Schema Theory, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism

INTRODUCTION

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been servicing and maintaining the health of human bodies for thousands of years. Due to the isolation and control policies of the last two dynasties Ming and Qing, scientific inventions are not being applied to TCM. On the other hand, Western Medicine (WM) has been technologically advanced by the engineering of the industrial revolution age.

Nowadays, many researchers and engineers have tried to advance TCM with modern technologies, for example, medical expert diagnosis system, office automation, herbal ingredient spectrum analysis, modern medical diagnosis machines. However, the merging has not resulted in much advancement in TCM as in WM. The reason, as believed, is that TCM is a holistic diagnosis-cure process while industrial revolution age engineering is reductionism.

It is believed that real advancement could be achieved by the synthesis of TCM with system engineering. Not only that TCM could be advanced, system engineering could also benefit from the experience of thousands of years of holistic servicing and maintaining the human body complex system. This paper searches for the entry point and the platform to learn across boundaries for the synthesis, so that TCM and system engineering could also understand each other and benefit from each other.

TCM is being practiced daily based on the theory of differential diagnosis-cure process. It involves firstly, the awareness, that is, the systemic observation of the human body for information collection. Secondly, the perspectives, which involve the systemic choice of related rules and relationships. Thirdly is the systemic choice of importance, that is, the formulation of weighting of each piece of information and perspectives. Finally is the systemic choice of strategies, for regulation of the self-healing system of the human body to regain the balance. The cycle of these four aggregates would continue to adapt to changes in the environment and the human body system until the healthy objective is achieved. The current state of the human body is represented by three fundamental spectrums, namely, the Superficial-Internal spectrum, the Cold-Hot spectrum and the Deficiency-Excess spectrum, which are believed to have the same origin as set theory. The body can then be divided into five sub-systems namely, liver-wood, heart-fire, spleen-earth, lung-metal, and kidney-water, each system has its own sub-state represented by the same kind of three spectrums.

It is believed that the same diagnosis-cure principals could be applied to either natural or man-made systems. To develop a systemic expert diagnosis system in the perspective of system engineering would help TCM to practically make use of modern information revolution age engineering technology. It would also provide a platform for understanding the holistic view and application of TCM to the natural complex human body system.

Future work would involve the search for possible system engineering projects to be constructed for the other two important theories of TCM.

The theory of holism in TCM is embedded everywhere but usually referred to in the theory of “correspondence between nature and human”, or “human living with the environment”. The coherence is divided into three parts namely, the sky, the earth, and the human, which could correspond to time, space and observer (and decision maker). Different time of the year, location and people in the environment would provide favorable and unfavorable conditions for different actions.

The third theory for possible entry point is the differentiation and integration properties of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theory and the five elements system theory. This property shows that no matter how many times we differentiate a system into sub-systems, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties apply. On the other hand, no matter how many times we integrate sub-systems into a single system, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties also apply. This would facilitate the design, implementation and maintenance of the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems.

With all three theories, one fundamental process applies to them all. That is, the continuous balancing of the spectrums in order to achieve the objectives. This same process exists in Confucianism as the “Doctrine of the Mean”, and also in the teaching of Buddha as “The Middle Path”.

SYSTEMS THINKING

The whole is greater than the sum of its parts was pointed out by Aristotle. Systems thinking involves more than just analyzing the object making up from different parts, but rather involves the parts and their relationships, the structure and functions of the object, its environment, the boundary, and the observer(s) and decision maker(s) as well (Dekkers 2014) as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The common structure and function of systems thinking

  1. The properties of the observer

Human senses works by differentiation (distinction) (Wong 2008) (Klein & Wong 2012). All senses differentiate the object (signal) from the environment through the boundary. In engineering terms the ability of the sensor to detect depends on the signal to noise ratio (SNR) (Wikipedia a). An analogy is the basic axions in set theory in mathematics (Al Lehnen 2007) as shown in Figure 2. As a result, the differentiation process produce three components namely A, not A and the boundary. It also produce two relationships namely union and interaction.

Figure 2. The Simplest Axioms in Set Theory

Since the differentiation inherited in the six human senses, namely sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste and thought (Wong 2008), is universal to human, it could be used as a common platform for communications.

TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS-CURE PROCESS

Traditional Chinese Medicine employs different differential diagnosis-cure processes to determine the state of the human body and prescribe corresponding strategies for a cure (Kaptchuk 2000)(Wong 2010c). And research shown that there exists a basic pattern (Wong 2007a)(Wong 2010c) for all the different processes, namely superficial-internal spectrum, cold-hot spectrum, and deficient-excess spectrum, which are first mentioned in (HuangDi 206BC- 25AD) (Gou 1999). The static and dynamics of the spectrums are shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4 respectively.

Figure 3. The static form of 3 common spectrums in all TCM differential diagnosis-cure processes

Figure 4. The dynamic form of the 3 common spectrums

TCM is the maintenance engineering rather than design engineering of the human body. Research show that the body state of human body can be represented graphically as the simple Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart as in Figure 5a or the complete Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart with the Superficial-Internal spectrum as in Figure 5b (Wong 2005a).

Figure 5a. The simple Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Figure 5b. The complete Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Our research found that a 3D representation provides a more vivid understanding and could correlate with the representation of the dynamics in Cybernetics, as shown in Figure 6. However it should be noted that this 3D spectrum is not another representation of the 3D space. It is believed that future research would shown that the spectrums could be used to represent the whole space-time and systems together in one.

Figure 6. The 3D geometric representation of the Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Note that the Taichi (boundary) Yin-Yang (not A and A) combo could be used to represent mathematical formulas, for representation of relationships and transformations. The most important formula in physics is,

E = mc2

Yang Taichi Yin

After re-arrangement, we have

E/c = mc

Yang compress Taichi Yin expand

which have division on the LHS and multiplication on the RHS. The division could be thought of as compression and the multiplication could be thought of as expansion geometrically on the number spectrum (Sanderson 2015). This compression of energy into matters is found in the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for making new matters, and the expansion of matter into energy is found in all nuclear plant. That is, the exchanges between Yin and Yang require two different processes. As a result, the static three elements in the Taichi Yin-Yang combo requires two more processes to become dynamic. Five elements exists in oriental systems thinking in TCM, Confucianism and Doaism (Wong 2008). Our research shown that the five element systems could be represented as in Figure 7 with the engendering (birth) cycle and the restraining (control) cycle (Wong 2005a).

Figure 7. The Five Elements System

Therefore, we started with the differentiation nature of human senses, which produce the three elements Taichi Yin-Yang combo, which then produce the five elements system. That is, the choice of three and five is not particular observer dependent, but rather universal to all observers.

The preliminary matching of the Five Elements System and other system theories are shown in Figure 8.

Figure 8. The preliminary matching of Five Elements System and other System Theories

Future work is underway to investigate the possible matching with Viable System Model (VSM) and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Five Elements System (Wong TBP)

THE FIVE AGGREGATES HUMAN SYSTEM OF BUDDHA

The five aggregates human system was employed by Buddha (Buddha 2500 BC) to represent the properties of human body and mind. The idea was explained in details in Vipassana mental healthcare 10 days courses held all over the world (Goenka1987a). Research shown the possible relationship between the five aggregates and the fundamental systems theory (Wong 2008) as shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9. The Five Aggregates human system of Buddha

The fifth aggregate is the physical body which is composed of the four material elements of earth, water, fire and air (Goenka1987a). Together with the idea of emptiness mentioned in (Buddha 2500 BC), it is possible to match the five elements system in TCM, Confucianism and Doaism with the four material elements of Buddha. Future research would be to investigate if Figure 10 would be a possible practical match.

Figure 10. The Four Natures of Physical Matters of Buddha and the Five Elements

THE UNIFICATION OF NATURE AND HUMAN IN CONFUCIANISM AND DAOISM

The idea of “unification of nature and human” was pointed out in Confucianism and Daoism, and was one of the most important concept in TCM (Kaptchuk 2000, 天人合一). Confucianism pointed out that in I Ching Hexagram that the top two lines represent Heaven (), middle to lines represent Human (), and the bottom two lines represent Earth () as shown in Figure 11 (Confucius 479 BC, part II 兼三才而兩之).

___ ___
___ ___Heaven ()
___ ___
______Human ()
______
______Earth ()

Figure 11. The Heaven Earth and Human System

Water is the most important elements in the teaching of Daoism (Laozi 590 BC, Ch 8, 76, 78). Water has almost the same properties of Dao (Tao), with the difference being water has form while Dao has none. Maybe the water system in the five elements system theory could be expanded into five elements as well.

SCHEMA THEORY

Schema theory is developed by Dr. Kent Palmer (Palmer 2004) for constructing a foundation for systems engineering. Figure 12 shows the possible matching of the three levels of five elements systems with the 13 levels in Schema theory, namely Pluriverse, Kosmos, World, Domain, Open Scape, Reflexive Social, Autopoietic Symbiotic, Dissipative ordering, System, Form, Pattern, Monad, Facet. Note that it match with a five elements system structure with the Earth and Water systems expanded into two other five elements systems of different levels, resulting in 13 levels! It has been the believe that the environment is outside the five systems at level i, however, our research shows that the five elements system could be more compact, simple and fractal.

Figure 12. The Basic 13 Levels in Schema Theory

TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ENGINEERING

It should be noted that the 13 levels structure of the level i+-1 system could be applied to any system at level i. From the above analysis, the whole structure seem to be the direct result of the observation nature of the human observers, rather than an arbitrary invention. We named this discovery as the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System as shown in Figure 13.

TCM inherited as a daily practice, the essence of oriental ancient systems thinking. It does not only contain the basic structure of systems but also the maintenance process of the human systems. Therefore, the theory is useful for both design engineering and maintenance engineering.

Figure 13. The Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System

TCM was thought of as the macroscopic level medicine while the western medicine was thought of as the microscopic one. Therefore resulting in strong conflicts between them. However, with the help of systems engineering, it reveals that both the human level i system and the cell level i-x system would have the same systemic structure and functions. This common platform would provide effective communications between TCM and WM for investigating the best medicine for regulating human bodies.

CONCLUSION

In this paper we start from the investigation of the properties of human senses but similarities are found in different fields of sciences including mathematics, physics, engineering, systems thinking and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Previous research combined the observer and systems into one Five Elements System and the environment as the element outside the Five Elements System. However in this paper, the Five Elements Level i+-1 system is established, which includes all the fundamental components of systems thinking in just one Five Elements Systems, with nothing else outside. The Water sub-system is the environment. This important discovery is very promising and would largely advance the Taichi Yin-Yang Systems theory and the Five Elements System theory.

It is believed that the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System structure and system function could be used as a systems design tool or a system maintenance tool, for systems with any size and complexity. Moreover, the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System model could be used as a platform for communications between analysis of different levels of i+-x. For example, it could be a communication platform for the modern medical cellular analysis at level i-x, the TCM human healthcare analysis at level i, and even the social analysis at level i+x.

Future works could involve the mathematical constant ratio and transformation functional relationships between the five systems and the systems at different levels.

REFERENCES

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發自 from 黃炎 E C

系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries. 國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

健康與系統思維特別整合小組 Health and System thinking Special Integration Group Program and Schedule

1. 系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries

2. 利用系統工程學以結合中醫學與工程學。Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.
ISSS 2014

Sunday: July 27, 2014  – Pre-Conference Workshops

REGISTRATION DESK OPEN 08:00 – 18:00 (Lobby, Marvin Centre, School of Business, George Washington University,  800 21st St. NW, Washington, DC)
09:00 – 17:00 Pre-conference Workshops

2.Workshop
System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between Traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the Modern Systemic Theory and Practice, for a Comparative Learning across the Boundaries

Abstract presentation: Tuesday: July 29, 2014 13:30 Parallel Sessions Room 207
Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.