Systems Basics: Systemic solutions with evidence-based medicine for relief from Insomnia – the systems thinking for everyone’s body through Traditional Chinese Medicine on the systems science of Taichi Yin-Yang Five Elements 系統論基礎工作坊:循證醫學緩解失眠的探討 – 藉以理解人類身體的系統性與中醫藥學之太極陰陽五行天地人的東方系統思維

 International Society for the Systems Sciences 61th conference

Sunday Afternoon workshop: 

Insomnia has become a modern city sickness. Research has been carried out to evaluate different Traditional Chinese Medicine treatments using evidence-based medicine methodologies. The cause of insomnia may come from one or more of the five elements systems, including the Wood mental system, the Fire emotional system, the Metal behavioural system, the Water spiritual system, and the Earth physical system (with one or more of its five sub-systems).

From this analysis we will try to find the common structure and relationship that can be generalized using systems thinking which could be applied to treat different sickness and promote healthcare. Research has shown that this systems thinking is rooted in the fundamental concept in traditional Chinese culture since around 500BC. The concept is also embedded in the teaching of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese system theories under investigation include the Taichi yin-yang system theory, the Five systems theory of the human mind, and the Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process. These theories are found to be related to different modern system theories including Viable system model.

Taichi yin-yang system theory describes the relationship between any two entities (element/process) at any level of interest. It concerns the quantitative and qualitative changes between the entities. This is related to causal loop diagram (CLD) in system dynamics which uses reinforcing loop and balancing loop. The observer is not specified in the theories, but the perspectives of the observer actually determine the entities, the unit of quantitative changes, and the ratio of qualitative changes. The Five systems theory of the human mind is one of the important concepts developed in the teaching of Buddha. The Five systems are: awareness, perspective, sensation, action and physical object. These five systems can be used to describe the properties of the observer and the decision maker.

The Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process is a practical systemic process that has been used daily for more than 2000 years. It is believed that the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems can be suitably accommodated. The system state identification involves three pairs of direction-forming spectrums. The Superficial and Internal spectrum gathers information between the boundary and the system. The Cold and Hot spectrum gathers information between the form and function, or matter and energy within the system. The Deficient and Excess spectrum gathers information between the environment and the system. Strategy can then be formulated to regulate and maintain the system.


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Control vs Regulation (Cybernetics) 控制與調理(調理學)

 Over-control vs Regulation in Traditional Chinese Medicine Differential Diagnosis-Cure Process – The aim of control, the aim of life.



Assist system to regain balanced ability 輔佐療法, harmony within and with environment 天人合一, holism 整體論, the Confucius Golden Mean 儒家中庸之道, not too much, not too little, Replace system abilityReplacement therapy 替代療法, suppress unwanted behaviour, partial strategy 局部策略, suppressive therapy 壓抑療法, The aim of control, the aim of life.




Behavior 象,  Cold-Hot spectrum 寒熱譜, control vs Regulation 控制與調理, COOL down the HOT body 熱者寒之, Deficient-Excess combo 虛實夾雜, Deficient-Excess spectrum 虛實譜, Factor 因, feedback 反饋, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart 陰陽正邪圖,HEAT up the COLD body 寒者熱之, Human 人和, Influence 勢, Necessities 需,objectivity 客觀性, Regulations 調理, Space 地利, state 證, Strategy 治, Excretion 排泄,input affect state, Output reflect state, 輸入影響證,輸出反映證。

Tools for implementing strategies

manipulate either energy, matter and/or information of the systems for regulations.

Golden Rule of Regulations vs suppressive control.


Matter 物質: Natural Herbs 天然草藥, Bone-setting 跌打, Massage therapy 推拿, Surgery 手術

Information 資訊: Acupuncture and Moxibustion 針灸, Qi Gong 氣功, Homeopathy 同類療法, Sound therapy 聲音療法, Computerized Qi Gong Signal diagnostic and treatment 電腦化氣功信息診斷與治療, Bio-Resonance 生物能,

Energy 能量: Moxibustion 灸, Sun therapy 陽光療法, Infra-red treatment 紅外線治療, ultrasound treatment 超聲波治療


Frame of Reference, Good n Evil, Taichi Yin-Yang System Theory 太極陰陽系統論, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart 陰陽正

邪圖 Frame of Reference FOR lines: Excess is above, Deficient is below.

Practical systems are most likely to have Tolerance 忍辱 and Resistance (delay)

Tolerance of Deficient and Excess in our Water-Fire model could mean changing the Taichi to 36.8+-5 Celsius.

Resistance cause yang DEFICIENT and Yang EXCESS to co-exist, Yin DEFICIENT and Yin EXCESS also co-exist.

Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners (E C) identify 64 body types in everyday practice.