System Basics Workshop: From System Basics to Anthropocene – the perspective of Traditional Chinese Medicine and that of the teaching of Buddha.

Papernumber: 2428

Tomas, E C Yan HUANG
Causeway Bay, HK, Hong Kong.

Sunday 2015.Aug.02 System Basics workshop full day at ISSS2015 conference at Berlin, Germany


Anthropocene is becoming more and more important as the balance shifts more and more towards the human side of the nature-human spectrum. The whole environment(nature)-system(human) Yin-Yang relationship has reversed to become a system(nature)-environment(human) Yin-Yang relationship.

In this Anthropocene age, determination of the sustainable balancing point is one of the challenging tasks. The interaction between different systems forms the balancing point between any one of the systems and its corresponding environment. Each system holds onto its own perspectives (rights and freedom) and at the same time adapts (respect and obey) to the perspectives of other systems. Therefore, it is about the balance between the nature-human Yin spectrum and the adaptation-freedom Yang spectrum.

Human would naturally pursue for the freedom side of the Yang spectrum, however, this will push the Yin spectrum to the human side developing a very imbalanced system. Such system would get into a turbulent stage before the balancing point between new systems and environments is settled, which could be disastrous to human.
The balance between the two spectrums would mean certain sacrifice to the freedom of human. However, would there be another way out of this sacrifice? Human take nature for granted but without fully understanding the sub-systems in nature on which we have been relying. However,could human develop the knowledge and wisdom to re-create a nature that would support the survival of our physical body and at the same time satisfy the unlimited needs for freedom by human? This is the second challenge in this Anthropocene age, Governing the Anthropocene.

In this workshop we will start from the system basics of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theory in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the Five systems theory in the teaching of Buddha, with a view to gradually building up the systemic views to understand and analyze the Governing of Anthropocene.

The systemic thinking of the unification of nature and man has been the fundamental concept in traditional Chinese culture since around 500BC. The concept is also embedded in the teaching of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese system theories under investigation include the Taichi yin-yang system theory, the Five systems theory of the human mind, and the Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process. These theories are found to be related to different modern system theories compared including Viable system model.

Taichi yin-yang system theory describes the relationship between any two entities (element/process) at any level of interest. It concerns the quantitative and qualitative changes between the entities. This is related to causal loop diagram (CLD) in system dynamics which uses reinforcing loop and balancing loop. The observer is not specified in the theories, but the perspectives of the observer actually determine the entities, the unit of quantitative changes, and the ratio of qualitative changes.

The Five systems theory of the human mind is one of the important concepts developed in the teaching of Buddha. The Five systems are: awareness, perspective, sensation, action and physical object. These five systems are able to describe the properties of the observer and the decision maker.

The Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process is a practical systemic process that has been used daily for more than 2000 years. It is believed that the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems is suitable. The system state identification involves three pairs of direction-forming spectrums. The Superficial and Internal spectrum gathers information between the boundary and the system. The Cold and Hot spectrum gathers information between the form and function, or matter and energy within the system. The Deficient and Excess spectrum gathers information between the environment and the system. Strategy can then be formulated to regulate and maintain the system.

Keywords: Anthropocene, Buddhism, Causal loop diagram CLD, Confucianism, Five systems of human mind, General System Theory, Health and system thinking, quantitative and qualitative changes, Spirituality and Systems, System dynamics, Taichi Yin-Yang System Theory, Taoism, Buddha’s teaching, Traditional Chinese Medicine differential diagnosis-cure process, Unification of nature and man, Viable system model VSM. |
Supporting Agencies: Ancient Balance Medicine Research and Education Fund Foundation Ltd.

發自 from 黃炎 E C

The gathering of the great minds 高手雲集

國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

#ISSS2014 #ISSS58 th conference finished so quickly! Feel like I have just arrived yesterday!

Using Earth as a frame of reference, it rotated 5 days. But using my amount of spare time as a frame of reference, it feels like one day! Usingthe number of happy moments as a frame of reference, it should feel like a year in heaven!

Thanks to all the organizers and participants, observers and systems! We came as individuals with thick walls. After building bridges here and eventually dissolving our boundaries, we leave as a better connected network of an unified super-organism!

Exchanging unconditional love and advanced to a higher level of consciousness. Hopefully eventually understanding the truth of ourselves and the universe.

See you all again next year in Germany! In the meantime, be happy and healthy ^o^

— 在 The George Washington University



Presentation: 13:30 Parallel Sessions – Tuesday July 29, 2014 Funger Hall Room 207 Funger Hall Room 220 ISSS2014 conference paper #2286

Full Paper: T S L Wong, E C Yan Huang, 2016, Synthesising Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through Systems Engineering: Traditional Chinese Medicine Engineering Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), Vol 1, No 1 (2016) ISSN: 1999-6918


This paper searches for an entry point and a platform to learn across boundaries to achieve synthesis, so that Traditional Chinese Medicine and system engineering could also understand each other and benefit from each other. The search involves investigation of both western and eastern point of view including systems theories, set theory, Confucianism, and Daoism. A promising Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System is established through this research.

Keywords: Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System 陰陽五行天地人系統, pattern identification/syndrome differentiation and treatment/ Differential Diagnosis-cure process 辨證論治, holism 整體觀念, unification between nature and human 天人相應, differentiation and integration 分辨與整合,微分與積分, Fractals, macroscopic-microscopic systemic view 宏觀與微觀的系統性, 中庸 doctrine of the mean, 中道 The middle path, synthesizing, traditional chinese medicine, engineering, system engineering, traditional chinese medicine engineering 中醫藥工程學, Systems Thinking, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart, DSRP system, Relational Theory, Schema Theory, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism


Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been servicing and maintaining the health of human bodies for thousands of years. Due to the isolation and control policies of the last two dynasties Ming and Qing, scientific inventions are not being applied to TCM. On the other hand, Western Medicine (WM) has been technologically advanced by the engineering of the industrial revolution age.

Nowadays, many researchers and engineers have tried to advance TCM with modern technologies, for example, medical expert diagnosis system, office automation, herbal ingredient spectrum analysis, modern medical diagnosis machines. However, the merging has not resulted in much advancement in TCM as in WM. The reason, as believed, is that TCM is a holistic diagnosis-cure process while industrial revolution age engineering is reductionism.

It is believed that real advancement could be achieved by the synthesis of TCM with system engineering. Not only that TCM could be advanced, system engineering could also benefit from the experience of thousands of years of holistic servicing and maintaining the human body complex system. This paper searches for the entry point and the platform to learn across boundaries for the synthesis, so that TCM and system engineering could also understand each other and benefit from each other.

TCM is being practiced daily based on the theory of differential diagnosis-cure process. It involves firstly, the awareness, that is, the systemic observation of the human body for information collection. Secondly, the perspectives, which involve the systemic choice of related rules and relationships. Thirdly is the systemic choice of importance, that is, the formulation of weighting of each piece of information and perspectives. Finally is the systemic choice of strategies, for regulation of the self-healing system of the human body to regain the balance. The cycle of these four aggregates would continue to adapt to changes in the environment and the human body system until the healthy objective is achieved. The current state of the human body is represented by three fundamental spectrums, namely, the Superficial-Internal spectrum, the Cold-Hot spectrum and the Deficiency-Excess spectrum, which are believed to have the same origin as set theory. The body can then be divided into five sub-systems namely, liver-wood, heart-fire, spleen-earth, lung-metal, and kidney-water, each system has its own sub-state represented by the same kind of three spectrums.

It is believed that the same diagnosis-cure principals could be applied to either natural or man-made systems. To develop a systemic expert diagnosis system in the perspective of system engineering would help TCM to practically make use of modern information revolution age engineering technology. It would also provide a platform for understanding the holistic view and application of TCM to the natural complex human body system.

Future work would involve the search for possible system engineering projects to be constructed for the other two important theories of TCM.

The theory of holism in TCM is embedded everywhere but usually referred to in the theory of “correspondence between nature and human”, or “human living with the environment”. The coherence is divided into three parts namely, the sky, the earth, and the human, which could correspond to time, space and observer (and decision maker). Different time of the year, location and people in the environment would provide favorable and unfavorable conditions for different actions.

The third theory for possible entry point is the differentiation and integration properties of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theory and the five elements system theory. This property shows that no matter how many times we differentiate a system into sub-systems, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties apply. On the other hand, no matter how many times we integrate sub-systems into a single system, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties also apply. This would facilitate the design, implementation and maintenance of the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems.

With all three theories, one fundamental process applies to them all. That is, the continuous balancing of the spectrums in order to achieve the objectives. This same process exists in Confucianism as the “Doctrine of the Mean”, and also in the teaching of Buddha as “The Middle Path”.


The whole is greater than the sum of its parts was pointed out by Aristotle. Systems thinking involves more than just analyzing the object making up from different parts, but rather involves the parts and their relationships, the structure and functions of the object, its environment, the boundary, and the observer(s) and decision maker(s) as well (Dekkers 2014) as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. The common structure and function of systems thinking

  1. The properties of the observer

Human senses works by differentiation (distinction) (Wong 2008) (Klein & Wong 2012). All senses differentiate the object (signal) from the environment through the boundary. In engineering terms the ability of the sensor to detect depends on the signal to noise ratio (SNR) (Wikipedia a). An analogy is the basic axions in set theory in mathematics (Al Lehnen 2007) as shown in Figure 2. As a result, the differentiation process produce three components namely A, not A and the boundary. It also produce two relationships namely union and interaction.

Figure 2. The Simplest Axioms in Set Theory

Since the differentiation inherited in the six human senses, namely sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste and thought (Wong 2008), is universal to human, it could be used as a common platform for communications.


Traditional Chinese Medicine employs different differential diagnosis-cure processes to determine the state of the human body and prescribe corresponding strategies for a cure (Kaptchuk 2000)(Wong 2010c). And research shown that there exists a basic pattern (Wong 2007a)(Wong 2010c) for all the different processes, namely superficial-internal spectrum, cold-hot spectrum, and deficient-excess spectrum, which are first mentioned in (HuangDi 206BC- 25AD) (Gou 1999). The static and dynamics of the spectrums are shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4 respectively.

Figure 3. The static form of 3 common spectrums in all TCM differential diagnosis-cure processes

Figure 4. The dynamic form of the 3 common spectrums

TCM is the maintenance engineering rather than design engineering of the human body. Research show that the body state of human body can be represented graphically as the simple Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart as in Figure 5a or the complete Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart with the Superficial-Internal spectrum as in Figure 5b (Wong 2005a).

Figure 5a. The simple Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Figure 5b. The complete Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Our research found that a 3D representation provides a more vivid understanding and could correlate with the representation of the dynamics in Cybernetics, as shown in Figure 6. However it should be noted that this 3D spectrum is not another representation of the 3D space. It is believed that future research would shown that the spectrums could be used to represent the whole space-time and systems together in one.

Figure 6. The 3D geometric representation of the Good and Evil Yin-Yang Chart

Note that the Taichi (boundary) Yin-Yang (not A and A) combo could be used to represent mathematical formulas, for representation of relationships and transformations. The most important formula in physics is,

E = mc2

Yang Taichi Yin

After re-arrangement, we have

E/c = mc

Yang compress Taichi Yin expand

which have division on the LHS and multiplication on the RHS. The division could be thought of as compression and the multiplication could be thought of as expansion geometrically on the number spectrum (Sanderson 2015). This compression of energy into matters is found in the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for making new matters, and the expansion of matter into energy is found in all nuclear plant. That is, the exchanges between Yin and Yang require two different processes. As a result, the static three elements in the Taichi Yin-Yang combo requires two more processes to become dynamic. Five elements exists in oriental systems thinking in TCM, Confucianism and Doaism (Wong 2008). Our research shown that the five element systems could be represented as in Figure 7 with the engendering (birth) cycle and the restraining (control) cycle (Wong 2005a).

Figure 7. The Five Elements System

Therefore, we started with the differentiation nature of human senses, which produce the three elements Taichi Yin-Yang combo, which then produce the five elements system. That is, the choice of three and five is not particular observer dependent, but rather universal to all observers.

The preliminary matching of the Five Elements System and other system theories are shown in Figure 8.

Figure 8. The preliminary matching of Five Elements System and other System Theories

Future work is underway to investigate the possible matching with Viable System Model (VSM) and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Five Elements System (Wong TBP)


The five aggregates human system was employed by Buddha (Buddha 2500 BC) to represent the properties of human body and mind. The idea was explained in details in Vipassana mental healthcare 10 days courses held all over the world (Goenka1987a). Research shown the possible relationship between the five aggregates and the fundamental systems theory (Wong 2008) as shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9. The Five Aggregates human system of Buddha

The fifth aggregate is the physical body which is composed of the four material elements of earth, water, fire and air (Goenka1987a). Together with the idea of emptiness mentioned in (Buddha 2500 BC), it is possible to match the five elements system in TCM, Confucianism and Doaism with the four material elements of Buddha. Future research would be to investigate if Figure 10 would be a possible practical match.

Figure 10. The Four Natures of Physical Matters of Buddha and the Five Elements


The idea of “unification of nature and human” was pointed out in Confucianism and Daoism, and was one of the most important concept in TCM (Kaptchuk 2000, 天人合一). Confucianism pointed out that in I Ching Hexagram that the top two lines represent Heaven (), middle to lines represent Human (), and the bottom two lines represent Earth () as shown in Figure 11 (Confucius 479 BC, part II 兼三才而兩之).

___ ___
___ ___Heaven ()
___ ___
______Human ()
______Earth ()

Figure 11. The Heaven Earth and Human System

Water is the most important elements in the teaching of Daoism (Laozi 590 BC, Ch 8, 76, 78). Water has almost the same properties of Dao (Tao), with the difference being water has form while Dao has none. Maybe the water system in the five elements system theory could be expanded into five elements as well.


Schema theory is developed by Dr. Kent Palmer (Palmer 2004) for constructing a foundation for systems engineering. Figure 12 shows the possible matching of the three levels of five elements systems with the 13 levels in Schema theory, namely Pluriverse, Kosmos, World, Domain, Open Scape, Reflexive Social, Autopoietic Symbiotic, Dissipative ordering, System, Form, Pattern, Monad, Facet. Note that it match with a five elements system structure with the Earth and Water systems expanded into two other five elements systems of different levels, resulting in 13 levels! It has been the believe that the environment is outside the five systems at level i, however, our research shows that the five elements system could be more compact, simple and fractal.

Figure 12. The Basic 13 Levels in Schema Theory


It should be noted that the 13 levels structure of the level i+-1 system could be applied to any system at level i. From the above analysis, the whole structure seem to be the direct result of the observation nature of the human observers, rather than an arbitrary invention. We named this discovery as the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System as shown in Figure 13.

TCM inherited as a daily practice, the essence of oriental ancient systems thinking. It does not only contain the basic structure of systems but also the maintenance process of the human systems. Therefore, the theory is useful for both design engineering and maintenance engineering.

Figure 13. The Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System

TCM was thought of as the macroscopic level medicine while the western medicine was thought of as the microscopic one. Therefore resulting in strong conflicts between them. However, with the help of systems engineering, it reveals that both the human level i system and the cell level i-x system would have the same systemic structure and functions. This common platform would provide effective communications between TCM and WM for investigating the best medicine for regulating human bodies.


In this paper we start from the investigation of the properties of human senses but similarities are found in different fields of sciences including mathematics, physics, engineering, systems thinking and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Previous research combined the observer and systems into one Five Elements System and the environment as the element outside the Five Elements System. However in this paper, the Five Elements Level i+-1 system is established, which includes all the fundamental components of systems thinking in just one Five Elements Systems, with nothing else outside. The Water sub-system is the environment. This important discovery is very promising and would largely advance the Taichi Yin-Yang Systems theory and the Five Elements System theory.

It is believed that the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System structure and system function could be used as a systems design tool or a system maintenance tool, for systems with any size and complexity. Moreover, the Yin-Yang Five Elements i ± 1 System model could be used as a platform for communications between analysis of different levels of i+-x. For example, it could be a communication platform for the modern medical cellular analysis at level i-x, the TCM human healthcare analysis at level i, and even the social analysis at level i+x.

Future works could involve the mathematical constant ratio and transformation functional relationships between the five systems and the systems at different levels.


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Confucius (479 BC). Confusions Ten Wings shiyi 十翼China《系辭上傳》曰:「一陰一陽謂之道」. Accessible at, on May 1, 2007.

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Klein, Louis; Wong, T S L (2012). The Yin and Yang of Changes: Systemic Efficacy in Change Management [Full Paper]. Leadership through the Classics: Learning Management and Leadership from Ancient East and West Philosophy,  International Conference on Leadership and Management in a Changing World:Lessons from Ancient East and West Philosophy? Athens, Greece, 12-14 June 2011, p475-486 Part VII Chapter 32. Also published in Leadership through the Classics: Learning Management and Leadership from Ancient East and West Philosophy, Edited by: Gregory Prastacos, Fuming Wang and Klas Eric Soderquist Published by Springer; ISBN: 978-3-642-32444-4 (Print), 978-3-642-32445-1 (Online) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelbery 2012

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Wikipeida (a)  Signal-to-noise ratio 

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Wong, T S L; Huang Yan (2008) THE QUEST FOR A GENERAL SYSTEM THEORY FOR ANY PARTICULAR PERSPECTIVE – does it ever exist or has it been there all the time?[Full paper] Australia and New Zealand system Society’s ANZSYS conference 2008. Edith Cowan University (ECU), Perth, Western Australia, Australia, 1 -2 December 2008.Available at: 

Wong, T S L; Huang Yan (2010c) The quest for a general information gathering process for diagnosis at the macroscopic level and the microscopic level – the Traditional Chinese Medicine eight principle differential diagnostic-cure process. [Abstract] 54th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences – Governance for a Resilient Planet. Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada 18–23 July 2010. Available at:

Wong, T S L; Klein, Louis (TBP) Viable System Model and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Five Elements Systems.


發自 from 黃炎 E C

系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries. 國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

健康與系統思維特別整合小組 Health and System thinking Special Integration Group Program and Schedule

1. 系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries

2. 利用系統工程學以結合中醫學與工程學。Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.
ISSS 2014

Sunday: July 27, 2014  – Pre-Conference Workshops

REGISTRATION DESK OPEN 08:00 – 18:00 (Lobby, Marvin Centre, School of Business, George Washington University,  800 21st St. NW, Washington, DC)
09:00 – 17:00 Pre-conference Workshops

System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between Traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the Modern Systemic Theory and Practice, for a Comparative Learning across the Boundaries

Abstract presentation: Tuesday: July 29, 2014 13:30 Parallel Sessions Room 207
Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.

辨證論治-太極陰陽表裏寒熱虛實 TCM Differential diagnosis-cure process – Taichi, Yin-Yang, Superficial-Internal, Cold-Hot, Deficient Excess

From emptiness to Yin-Yang, Superficial-Internal, Cold-Hot, Deficient Excess
 Full Paper 論文全文

Power of differentiation 分辨力,
1. Taichi from Wu Chi


2. Yin-Yang


Ideal system state
3. Balanced
Definition 定義
Desire 欲得 

4. Deficient of essence (Good)

5. Excess of toxin (Evil)


6.Deficient + Excess

perspective 觀點,
7. Taichi within Taichi

system need Cool down strategy


Cold system need Heat up strategy


The System and Control Theory in the Vipassana Meditation of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by Buddha – Understanding Meditation with the Taichi Yin-Yang System in Modern Terminologies. 佛陀所傳授的八正道內觀靜坐中所包含的系統論與控制論觀 – 以現代術語組成之太極陰陽系統來理解靜坐

Full paper

Abstract:The theory in the Vipassana Noble Eightfold meditation technique of Buddha is believedto be the Theory of Everything. However, Chinese believed that the Taichi Yin-Yangtheory is the Theory of the Universe. Albert Einstein and Richard Feynman believed inthe unity of all the equations and theories of physics to explain the nature. Could they bethe different truth of the universe? Or they are all the truth of the universe but onlyillustrated in different terminologies? It is believed that the latter one is the case. Thelinks between these theories are illustrated in this paper using modern system and controltheories.The evolution of science gave birth to our modern materialistic world. Does thismaterialism contradict with our spirituality? It is believed that both of them follow theTheory of Everything. All the contradictions arise only because of human beings, whotried to control and manipulate the universe to suit their frame of reference involvingcravings, aversions and ignorance. The practice of Vipassana meditation allows us torealize the union of materialism and spirituality, because Vipassana helps us to acquirethe ultimate wisdom, to be the master of our own mind, and to be able to make decisionsbase not on emotions but on compassion.Buddha explained the theory of our universe but said that the ultimate truth cannot be1The System Theory in the Vipassana Meditation of Buddhaexplained in the words and concepts that we use to communicate. Our common senses arebased on pattern differentiation. Our communications are based on languages. And thefundamental of all languages are mathematical logic, set theory, and Taichi Yin-Yangsystem theory, which all are again based on differentiation. Buddha said that the ultimatetruth is without differentiation, which is beyond our common senses and ourcommunication abilities. However, Buddha taught a method for everyone of us toexperience the ultimate truth ourselves. The beauty of this method is that it is simple,practical and realistic, involving no sectarianism, no imagination and no super-naturalpower. The method is similar to a virus cleaning program that will eliminates all theimpurities within our mind, allowing us to experience the ultimate truth. Even though theultimate truth cannot be explained in words, the Vipassana method itself is within ourbasic concepts and hence can be explained in terms of system and control theories.The Taichi, boundary, of this system is the “purification of my mind”. According to theTaichi Yin-Yang theory, the Yin-Yang combo will be formed in different parts of thesystem namely the internal part, and the superficial part which acts as the interfacebetween the internal and the external of the system. Research reveals that the internal Yincomponent of Vipassana method is equanimity, the balance of the mind, and the Yangcomponent is our awareness. The superficial Yin component is wisdom and the Yangcomponent is compassion. Our goal of regulation is to keep both parts of this systemworking within the balanced range of the Cold-Hot and Deficiency-Excess spectrum.The preparation stage of Vipassana meditation is Anapana meditation, the concentrationof the mind through the observation of the breath. Research shows that the techniquerequires the observer to fix the frame of reference on the entrance of the nose. Thenobserve the flow of air during breathing in and breathing out. However, only the polarityof the first derivative of the flow of air at this moment is observed. That is, whether thebreath is coming in or going out at this moment. The value of the derivative, the secondand higher derivatives, the memory of the past moments, or the prediction of the comingmoments should all be ignored.This paper will demonstrate our research of the Vipassana meditation technique as taughtby S.N. Goenka globally nowadays, in terms of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theorywhich is now structured in terms of modern system and control theories with ourresearch.Keywords: Control Theory, Differentiation & Integration, System Theory, Spiritualityand systems, The Taichi Yin-Yang system, The Four Noble Truths, Vipassana NobleEightfold Path of Buddha, Dhamma, The Theory of Everything, Vipassana Meditation AsTaught By S.N. Goenka,Systems that make a difference

Full paper

THE QUEST FOR A GENERAL SYSTEM THEORY FOR ANY PARTICULAR PERSPECTIVE – does it ever exist or has it been there all the time? 尋找適用於任何一個觀點的廣義系統論 – 是尋新還是尋舊?


Sciences have been developed throughout human history in order to search for a set of basic components and their relationships to one another within a certain field. System thinkers try to find a basic set of components and relationships that can be applied to all fields of science. System thinking enables the view of a big picture in a holistic perspective, so that all components, relationships, and transformations can be clearly understood by the observer.

In any system, an observer is required in order for analysis occur. In physics, speed and time do not mean anything without the frame of reference of an observer. The frame of reference of the observer determines the perspective of the analysis of the system. An observer can try to analyze a system objectively, however, being objective only means that the analysis is agreeable by a certain population of observers. There will always be a larger population of observers and hence the analysis is always relatively subjective. Objective analysis with either “no perspective” or “all perspective” is impossible, any analysis will instead take on one of an infinite number of possible perspectives.

In this paper, the properties of a general theory which can be applied in any particular perspective are analyzed. Some of the existing fundamental theories in different fields are investigated; including set theory in mathematics, relativity in physics, differential diagnosis-cure process in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Taichi Yin-Yang theory in Taoism, and Five Systems theory in the teaching of Buddha.

Full paper

Published in Australia and New Zealand Society’s  ANZSYS Conference 2008

尋找適用於任何一個觀點的廣義系統論 – 是尋新還是尋舊? THE QUEST FOR A GENERAL SYSTEM THEORY FOR ANY PARTICULAR PERSPECTIVE – does it ever exist or has it been there all the time?





英文全文 Full paper

Published in Australia and New Zealand System Society’s 澳大利亞與新西蘭系統學會   ANZSYS Conference 2008 年研討會發表

國際系統科學協會第57屆國際研討會 The 57th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences


國際系統科學協會第57屆國際研討會。The 57th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS)

Curating the Conditions for a Thrivable Planet: Systemic Leverage Points for Emerging a Global Eco-Civilization
Hai Phong City, Viet Nam — 14-19 July 2013

ISSS Special Integration Groups:
Health and System thinking SIG: A systemic way of maintaining ourselves, each other, and the nature
健康與系統思維特別融合小組: 中醫辯證論治之系統思維與跨學科應用工作坊。 

Spirituality and Systems SIG: System theory and our minds – a systemic way of understanding ourselves, each other, the nature, the past and future possibilities
靈性與系統特別融合小組: 佛法四聖諦八正道之系統思維與跨學科應用工作坊 













Traditional Chinese Medicine and Bio-energetic Information Medicine – the Yin and Yang Medicine 中醫學与生物能信息醫學 – 陰性与陽性醫學

Traditional Chinese Medicine
Bio-energetic Information Medicine
– the Yin and Yang Medicine

中醫學与生物能信息醫學 陰性与陽性醫學


Ancient Balance Medicine Education Center Ltd 古中醫教育中心

Ancient Balance Medicine Research Institute 古中醫研究所

Published in The Sixth International
Bio-energetic Information Medicine Conference
, Taipei, Taiwan 2011

Abstract 摘要

 Bio-energetic information medicine has been around for hundreds of years, however, it is still a relatively new concept and medicine to the general public, who has been brought up with modern scientific education. Information technology changed the face of bio-energetic information medicine from mystical homeopathy and kinesiology into electronic remedy imprint and Electro dermal screening. As a result, more people encountered bio-energetic information medicine and were benefited from it. Practically it works, but theoretically it does not sound in the viewpoint of modern medicine. As a result, the ability of bio-energetic information medicine were also abused with false claims. The general public become confused and hence the search for a unified theory for the classification of all the different kinds of medicine is urgently required. This paper employed the simple concepts of energy, matter, and information for the illustration of what bio-energetic information medicine is, how it works and most importantly, how to choose for oneself. The fundamental practical theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine are Differential diagnosis-cure process and holistic point of view. They are both proposed for the unification of the practical part of the theory of medicines.



Introduction 引言

Humans have been surviving on this planet for more than two hundred thousand years already. Our bodies have the ability to survive different seasons and different environments in all geographical locations. Our behavior also causes changes to the habitat around us. Obviously, our bodies have some kind of self adopting and self healing mechanism within. However, history has also told us that these mechanisms may be inefficient, or even out of order, in some special situations. Medicine has hence developed in our culture to increase our health, lifespan, population and the efficiency of our bodies.




The Human body requires both energy and matters to survive, which are called the Yang and the Yin respectively in Chinese culture. We get the matter from our food and part of it is transformed into the energy we need. We also obtain our energy from the sun and our environment.



Medicine achieves its goal by manipulating the energy and matter in our body. The Yin kind of medicine uses matter to manipulate matter, and hence affect the matter and energy in our body. A classic example is the use of herbs and massage. The Yang kind of medicine manipulates our energy and hence affects the energy and matter in our body. Classic examples are acupuncture, Qi Gong and Homeopathy.



Modern western medical scientists try to explain the Yin medicine with Bio-chemistry and mechanical physics (but still cannot explain the reasoning behind Chinese herbs and other traditional medicine). In the last 60 years some front end scientists have tried to explain the Yang medicine with Bio-resonance.



Bio-resonance started 60 years ago with German scientist
Dr. Reinhold Voll. He found that acupuncture points have lower electrical resistance than other parts of our body. The level of resistance of a particular acupuncture point also varies with our level of health. The amazing finding was that matter, like medical remedies, will also affect this level of resistance if it is present within the electrical circuit. The next exciting investigation revealed that putting the correct remedy on the electrical circuit had a healing effect to the human body. As a result, such machines can be used for both diagnosis and treatments. That is, it can be used to find the current health of our body, test for the effective treatment, and then provide a signal treatment. Further work found that a feedback route can stimulate our body to face its own problems.


生物共振的研究60年前德國科學家阮厚德 . 傅爾醫生。他再次發現穴位比我們身體的其他部位有較低的電阻。某一穴位電阻水平會因應我們的健康水平而有所不同。令人驚奇的發現是,如果有物質(如醫療藥劑)放在電路之內, 這個穴位的電阻水平也將影響。下一個精彩的研究發現是:把正確的藥劑在電路中會對人體有治療作用。因此,這種穴位電阻測量儀器可用於診斷和治療。也就是說,它可以用來找我們身體的健康狀態,測試出一個有效的治療方法,然後提供一個信號治療。進一步的研究發現,一種反饋路徑可以刺激我們的身體去面對自己的某一個特定的問題。


The explanation of Bio-resonance by this group of front end scientists involves vibrations, photons, quantum physics, string-theory, electrical-magnetic frequencies (EMF), signal, homeopathy, energy healing, Fung Shui, energy fields, and natural energy to explain these phenomenon. Here Qi Gong will be used to present another view of how it works.





Qi exists in every one of us and all the matter in our environment. The practice of Qi Gong, yoga, meditation or pray enhance our sensitivity to the Qi at a conscious level. However, our bodies sense Qi all the time at a sub-conscious level. This allows Yang medicine like Qi Gong to work on people who are insensitive of Qi at a conscious level.  As a result, Yang medicine is theoretically effective for everyone, but the results are also affected by body sickness, dehydration and the level of electro-magnetic noise (signal to noise ratio) in the environment. People with electronic medical devices (pacemakers) implanted in their body should be careful of such diagnosis and treatments.



The good Qi, for example, the warmth from the sun, can help our bodies. However, bad Qi, for example, mobile phones and high power lines, can have negative effect on our body. The next question is what kind of energy is good for us. Let us examine this by studying another question first: what kind of matter is good for us, that is, the Yin medicine.





The Quantity, Quality and Nature of Energy, Matter and Information



The matter that have been found to be good for humans are mainly foods and medicines. However, having a lot of food or medicine obviously is not good for us, because it will cause indigestion. Therefore the quantity must be correct, but we still require good quality food or medicine, in order to obtain enough essence required from the quantity we can digest. Even with the proper quantity and quality, we have to find out whether or not the food or medicine is compatible with our body. That is, whether the nature of the food or medicine match the condition of our body. Therefore, the quantity, the quality and most importantly the nature of the matter must be correct. “Good matter” does not necessary means “good matter for me”.



With this understanding of “good matter for me”, we can now investigate the “good energy for me”. Having a lot of energy of any form including heat, light, mechanical, potential, gravitational, kinetic, chemical, electrical-magnetic or sound is obviously not good for us because it will cause different kinds of problems to our body, mainly in the form of internal burning. A good quality sun light lamp is one with low noise and stable output. But it is not not a “good energy for us” if we are trying to cool down our body to sleep. Therefore, once again the quantity, the quality and the nature of the energy must match the condition of our bodies.




We now understand the concepts of good matter and good energy for us, but there is a third “thing”. Before this “thing” is revealed, let us look at the famous wave theory of Alvin Toffler. The theory states that the first wave in human society was the Agricultural Revolution, started about 10,000 years ago, which provided the stable quantity and quality of food (matter) for us, fulfilling the hunger needs of our bodies and enabling population growth. The second wave was the Industrial Revolution, started in the 18th century, which provided the stable quantity and quality of power (energy) for us, fulfilling our warmth, hunger, sheltering and transportation needs of our bodies and our lives. The third wave is the Information Revolution happening nowadays, which provides the stable quantity and quality of information (signal) for us, enabling the development of our minds.


我們現在已經理解「對我好的」物質和能量概念,但有第三種的「東西」需要理解。在揭曉這個東西之前讓我們看看著名的艾文‧托佛勒的波理論。該理論指出,人類社會第一波是農業革命,大約 1萬年前開始,提供穩定的食物量和質(物質)滿足我們身體飢餓的需要,使人口得以增長。第二波是工業革命,開始於 18世紀,提供了穩定的動力量和質(能量)滿足我們的身體和生活上的溫暖,飢餓,庇護和運輸需求。第三波是信息革命,它發生今天並為我們 提供了穩定的信息量與質(信號),使我們的思想得以發展。

The next “thing” we want to introduce is
signal. It can be seen as the information we receive everyday, including news we see in newspapers, music we hear on the radio, the taste of food at home, the smell of fresh air from the sea breeze, the touch of warmth and the Electro-magnetic frequencies (Qi) from our mobile phone, and the sense of an incident from our memory. We get signals from all our senses including sight, hearing, taste, smell, touch and sensing memory. They all affect our bodies and minds (at a sub-conscious level much more than at a conscious level), and hence affecting our behavior.



Signal is not energy or matter, but at the same time it is composed of energy and/or matter. Signal do not exist on its own. It requires a carrier, which can be both matter and energy. It should be noted that matter reacts with other matter and energy. Energy also reacts with other energy and matter. But signal does not react with pure energy or pure matter. They only affect receivers in humans (observers) or systems which have the ability to sense, interpret, feel and react to the signal. Without receivers, signals do not exist. Energy and matter do. That is, signal does not act directly on us like energy and matter; they “suggest” our bodies to change ourselves!



Everyone knows that our bodies need matter (e.g. food) to survive. Most of us are convinced that we also need energy to survive, but not that many people realize that we
need signal to survive. Without the sight signal of the shape of the stairs, it is very easy to fall. Without the sound signal of people’s voices, it is very hard to communicate. Without the touch signal, it is very hard to take something out of our pockets. Without the electrical-magnetic frequency we constantly received from our environment, namely the Schumann waves, it is very hard for us to stay healthy. It is said that the space shuttle and space stations have a device to simulate the Schumann waves of earth in order to maintain the health of the astronauts. Internal signals are also constantly exchanging between our brain and the rest of our body, without which we cannot move at all.



Now we ask ourselves the same question again: what is “
good signal for me“? We investigate the answer in the same way. Firstly, too much quantity is a burden for us, which mainly appears as our tiredness to digest these signal. For example, there are lots of signals in the books stored in the library but getting all the signals is a big burden rather than a help. Signal with good quality means clear signal with low noise and no confusion. But a clear signal of the traffic lights is not “good for us” when we are reading a book at home, because the nature of the signal does not match the condition of our body or mind. Once again the proper quantity, quality and nature of the signal need to be correct in order to be a “good signal for me”.



The same theory applies to the “
good signal treatment for my health”. Too much signal will suggest our bodies to do too much, and we will firstly feel very tired or even get sick. For example, giving a signal to detox all the toxins in our bodies may cause us to sick for a month! Good quality signal treatments may not be the signal we need. For example, a very good liver detox and repair program using a high quality signal device is not good for a patient with heavy flu. Good signal treatment must have the proper quantity, proper quality and proper nature that match the condition of our body and mind (e.g. emotions).



Living in this Information Age, the study of
Information Technology is important. But what is more important is the direction of IT, which is felt should be the choice of the proper information for human kind, or the “good information for me“, both for the health of our bodies and for the health of our minds.





Traditional Chinese Medicine Differential diagnostic-cure process


In the development of the Yin and Yang medicine, at a
basic level medicine uses external forces, while the advanced level medicine promotes the internal forces. The basic level medicine is to supply the energy and matter we need and to extract the excess rubbish energy and matter forcefully with strong remedies and mechanical forces. Hence at this level is Passive therapy. The advanced level medicine employs proper signal, in the form of energy or matter, to perform three kinds of tasks. Firstly, it balances the level of energy relative to the level of matter (Yang and Yin) within our body. Secondly, it promotes our ability to absorb the energy and matter we are deficient in. Lastly, it promotes our ability to discard the excess energy and matter. Hence at this level is Active therapy. That is, the advanced medicine goes to the next level to create signal for our body, suggesting our sub-conscious to change in the proper way, so that the self-healing mechanism will be effective again. Of course, in some situations the basic medicine is still very useful, but the minor and the major direction of medicine must be very clear. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) started at the basic level thousands of years ago to treat sickness, and entered the advanced level 2000 years ago to treat human conditions (states), after the establishment of the Differential Diagnostic-Cure Process [1].




Successful Yin or Yang medicine requires proper diagnosis and proper treatment to achieve optimum results. This is called Resonance, meaning absolute agreement. The body says, “this is exactly what I need.”  Achieving this goal may involve different kinds of diagnostics and treatment methods from Yin or Yang medicine. The key to all this is to determine the current state of our bodies.


成功的陰或陽醫學需要適當的診斷和治療來取得最佳成果。這就是所謂的共振,這意味著絕對的協議。身體說這正是我需要的實現這個目標可能涉及到要從陰性或陽性醫學中 選擇不同類型的診斷和治療方法。這一切的關鍵是要確定我們身體當前的狀態。


Diagnosis is about gathering the proper information and determining the proper conditions (states). A good lawyer does not ask all possible questions in a court; only the proper questions are asked. A good detective does not investigate all the possible clues; only the proper clues are investigated. A bio-resonance diagnostic device or EDS can gather a lot of information from our body, but having too much information is a burden rather than help. The technique is how to fill in the deficient information and get rid of the excess information.


診斷是正確地收集有關信息並確定當前的狀況(狀態)。一個好的律師並不會在法庭上詢問所有可以問的問題,只需問正確的問題。一個好的偵探不會調查所有可能的線索,只需向正確的線索進行調查。一個生物能信息診斷儀器EDS / EAV可以從我們的身體收集到大量的信息,但有太多的信息是一種負擔,而不是幫助。技巧是如何填缺乏的信息和出過剩的信息。


Having “good information” should result in the determination of the proper condition (state). Identifying the sickness will help, but it is thought the best description of the current condition of a body or of any system is the TCM state, which is best described by the Good & Evil Yin-Yang chart[2].




Treatment involves the choice of proper quantity, quality and nature that will match the TCM state. Matter, energy or signal can all be used in the wrong way. The TCM Golden Rule of Healing [2] states clearly how to match a current condition with the proper nature of matter, energy or signal. Traditional Chinese Medicine theory guides us on how to fix the problem in our body, rather than cover-up or transfer the problem. The guidelines give us a clear understanding of the difference between Suppressive and Supportive therapies, as well as the difference between Replacement and Encouraging therapies [3].




Remember the goal of medicine is to assist our own self-healing mechanism. However the time required to achieve this goal varies from person to person. The car service analogy can help us to understand this. Our cars need professional repair if a problem arises, but regular service is also required to maintain the car. A better made car requires fewer services than others, but how the car is used is also a factor. If the car is abused, it will, of course, need more regular services.



Our body is our most important asset and should be treated with priority. Apart from medicine, our lifestyle, our emotions, and our environment should also be accounted for. The following diagram illustrates all these relationships.




We are living in an Information Age with sophisticated electrical and electronic technologies. Therefore Bio-energetic Information Medicine, under the guidelines of Traditional Chinese Medicine becomes an extremely powerful system for improving the health of our bodies and minds, allowing us to achieve other tasks we should perform.






[1] Wong, T.S.L., Dr PAVLIKA V, and Huang E C. (2007d). A Methodology for the Integration of Ancient and Modern System Theories –the portal for the 2000yrs old Taichi Yin-Yang System Theory. 融合古今系統論的方法論二千年的太極陰陽系統之門戶ISSS 2008 ISSS 51nd annual meeting 國際系統科學協會第51屆週年會議. ,


[2] Wong, T.S.L. and others (2005). Traditional Chinese Medicine Diet – the food dictionary 中醫食療字典, ISBN 978-988-985-865-0, Ancient Balance Medicine Education Center 古中醫教育中心, Hong Kong.


[3] Wong, T.S.L.(TBP ). Over-control vs regulation in Traditional Chinese Medicine Differential Diagnosis-Cure process – the aim of control, the aim of life. 過度控制與中醫學辨證論治的調理 – 控制的意義以至生命的意義 To be published 發表.