13:30 Parallel Sessions – Tuesday July 29, 2014 Funger Hall Room 207 Funger Hall Room 220

ISSS2014 conference paper #2286

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been servicing and maintaining the health of human bodies for thousands of years. Due to the isolation and control policies of the last two dynasties Ming and Qing, scientific inventions are not being applied to TCM. On the other hand, Western Medicine (WM) has been technologically advanced by the engineering of the industrial revolution age.
Nowadays, many researchers and engineers have tried to advance TCM with modern technologies, for example, medical expert diagnosis system, office automation, herbal ingredient spectrum analysis, modern medical diagnosis machines. However, the merging has not resulted in much advancement in TCM as in WM. The reason, as believed, is that TCM is a holistic diagnosis-cure process while industrial revolution age engineering is reductionism.
It is believed that real advancement could be achieved by the synthesis of TCM with system engineering. Not only that TCM could be advanced, system engineering could also benefit from the experience of thousands of years of holistic servicing and maintaining the human body complex system. This paper searches for the entry point and the platform to learn across boundaries for the synthesis, so that TCM and system engineering could also understand each other and benefit from each other.
TCM is being practiced daily based on the theory of differential diagnosis-cure process. It involves firstly, the awareness, that is, the systemic observation of the human body for information collection. Secondly, the perspectives, which involve the systemic choice of related rules and relationships. Thirdly is the systemic choice of importance, that is, the formulation of weighting of each piece of information and perspectives. Finally is the systemic choice of strategies, for regulation of the self-healing system of the human body to regain the balance. The cycle of these four aggregates would continue to adapt to changes in the environment and the human body system until the healthy objective is achieved. The current state of the human body is represented by three fundamental spectrums, namely, the Superficial-Internal spectrum, the Cold-Hot spectrum and the Deficiency-Excess spectrum, which are believed to have the same origin as set theory. The body can then be divided into five sub-systems namely, liver-wood, heart-fire, spleen-earth, lung-metal, and kidney-water, each system has its own sub-state represented by the same kind of three spectrums.
It is believed that the same diagnosis-cure principals could be applied to either natural or man-made systems. To develop a systemic expert diagnosis system in the perspective of system engineering would help TCM to practically make use of modern information revolution age engineering technology. It would also provide a platform for understanding the holistic view and application of TCM to the natural complex human body system.
Future work would involve the search for possible system engineering projects to be constructed for the other two important theories of TCM.
The theory of holism in TCM is embedded everywhere but usually referred to in the theory of “correspondence between nature and human”, or “human living with the environment”. The coherence is divided into three parts namely, the sky, the earth, and the human, which could correspond to time, space and observer (and decision maker).

Different time of the year, location and people in the environment would provide favorable and unfavorable conditions for different actions.
The third theory for possible entry point is the differentiation and integration properties of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theory and the five elements system theory. This property shows that no matter how many times we differentiate a system into sub-systems, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties apply. On the other hand, no matter how many times we integrate sub-systems into a single system, the Taichi Yin-Yang and five elements properties also apply. This would facilitate the design, implementation and maintenance of the whole macroscopic-microscopic spectrum of systems.
With all three theories, one fundamental process applies to them all. That is, the continuous balancing of the spectrums in order to achieve the objectives. This same process exists in Confucianism as the “Doctrine of the Mean”, and also in the teaching of Buddha as “The Middle Path”.

Full Paper to be uploaded…

發自 from 黃炎 E C

系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries. 國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

國際系統科學協會第58屆國際研討會 The 58th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences

健康與系統思維特別整合小組 Health and System thinking Special Integration Group Program and Schedule

1. 系統論基礎工作坊: 中醫系統理論與實踐與現代系統理論與實踐之關係探討,跨越系統邊界之學習。Workshop:System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the modern systemic theory and practice, for a comparative learning across the boundaries

2. 利用系統工程學以結合中醫學與工程學。Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.
ISSS 2014

Sunday: July 27, 2014  – Pre-Conference Workshops

REGISTRATION DESK OPEN 08:00 – 18:00 (Lobby, Marvin Centre, School of Business, George Washington University,  800 21st St. NW, Washington, DC)
09:00 – 17:00 Pre-conference Workshops

System Basics: Exploring the Relationship between Traditional Chinese Systemic Theory and Practice, and the Modern Systemic Theory and Practice, for a Comparative Learning across the Boundaries

Abstract presentation: Tuesday: July 29, 2014 13:30 Parallel Sessions Room 207
Synthesizing Traditional Chinese Medicine and Engineering through System Engineering.

Control vs Regulation (Cybernetics) 控制與調理(調理學)

 Over-control vs Regulation in Traditional Chinese Medicine Differential Diagnosis-Cure Process – The aim of control, the aim of life.



Assist system to regain balanced ability 輔佐療法, harmony within and with environment 天人合一, holism 整體論, the Confucius Golden Mean 儒家中庸之道, not too much, not too little, Replace system abilityReplacement therapy 替代療法, suppress unwanted behaviour, partial strategy 局部策略, suppressive therapy 壓抑療法, The aim of control, the aim of life.




Behavior 象,  Cold-Hot spectrum 寒熱譜, control vs Regulation 控制與調理, COOL down the HOT body 熱者寒之, Deficient-Excess combo 虛實夾雜, Deficient-Excess spectrum 虛實譜, Factor 因, feedback 反饋, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart 陰陽正邪圖,HEAT up the COLD body 寒者熱之, Human 人和, Influence 勢, Necessities 需,objectivity 客觀性, Regulations 調理, Space 地利, state 證, Strategy 治, Excretion 排泄,input affect state, Output reflect state, 輸入影響證,輸出反映證。

Tools for implementing strategies

manipulate either energy, matter and/or information of the systems for regulations.

Golden Rule of Regulations vs suppressive control.


Matter 物質: Natural Herbs 天然草藥, Bone-setting 跌打, Massage therapy 推拿, Surgery 手術

Information 資訊: Acupuncture and Moxibustion 針灸, Qi Gong 氣功, Homeopathy 同類療法, Sound therapy 聲音療法, Computerized Qi Gong Signal diagnostic and treatment 電腦化氣功信息診斷與治療, Bio-Resonance 生物能,

Energy 能量: Moxibustion 灸, Sun therapy 陽光療法, Infra-red treatment 紅外線治療, ultrasound treatment 超聲波治療


Frame of Reference, Good n Evil, Taichi Yin-Yang System Theory 太極陰陽系統論, Good n Evil Yin-Yang chart 陰陽正

邪圖 Frame of Reference FOR lines: Excess is above, Deficient is below.

Practical systems are most likely to have Tolerance 忍辱 and Resistance (delay)

Tolerance of Deficient and Excess in our Water-Fire model could mean changing the Taichi to 36.8+-5 Celsius.

Resistance cause yang DEFICIENT and Yang EXCESS to co-exist, Yin DEFICIENT and Yin EXCESS also co-exist.

Traditional Chinese Medicine practitioners (E C) identify 64 body types in everyday practice.


辨證論治-太極陰陽表裏寒熱虛實 TCM Differential diagnosis-cure process – Taichi, Yin-Yang, Superficial-Internal, Cold-Hot, Deficient Excess

From emptiness to Yin-Yang, Superficial-Internal, Cold-Hot, Deficient Excess
 Full Paper 論文全文

Power of differentiation 分辨力,
1. Taichi from Wu Chi


2. Yin-Yang


Ideal system state
3. Balanced
Definition 定義
Desire 欲得 

4. Deficient of essence (Good)

5. Excess of toxin (Evil)


6.Deficient + Excess

perspective 觀點,
7. Taichi within Taichi

system need Cool down strategy


Cold system need Heat up strategy


The Formation of Systems 系統之生成

無極Wu Chi -The state beyond differentiation, beyond set theory. It is a reluctant representation by Loazi because it is beyond our words. Maybe it is the same state as Nibbana in the teaching of Buddha, which is also reluctantly named but not describable by any word or thought. He said it is beyond our matter and minds, beyond our reactions, sensations, perceptions and imaginations, but within the awareness of the observer. And is achievable through a set of describable procedures of practice. Therefore, it would be beyond our known universe of space and time.

太極 Taichi – The perception, perspective, theme, thought, incident or system.

太極動而分陰陽 Once Taichi is in action, Yin and yang appears at the same time. - The fundamental holistic point of view of anything in our observable universe. This ability of separate Yin and Yang from the Wu Chi is the Power of organization.

陰陽平衡 Balanced State - A balanced Taichi Yin-Yang system will be stable , efficient and long lasting.

陰陽太過不及 Unbalanced State - Systems can be either too much or too little. These systems are deem to get sick, unstable , inefficient. Finally the system will fall apart and the corresponding Taichi, Yin and Yang will return to Wu Chi once again.

These symbols describe the changes in the Taichi Yin-Yang system for thousands of years. However these symbols are strangers to people like us, who are brought up with western education including theories of logic, mathematics, graphics and states. Therefore we introduce the Good & Evil Yin Yang Chart, geometry, set theory, Venn diagram, graphics and tables to analyze the Taichi Yin-Yang system.

It is a believed that everything need to be balanced. But Traditional Chinese Medicine clearly state how, and have a set of step by step procedures to describe the structures, functions, the balanced state, the possible unbalanced states, their behaviours, the influences that affects the systems and the different classes of proper strategies that can be employed to bring the system back to a healthy balanced state.

Full paper 論文全文:

The System and Control Theory in the Vipassana Meditation of the Noble Eightfold Path as taught by Buddha – Understanding Meditation with the Taichi Yin-Yang System in Modern Terminologies. 佛陀所傳授的八正道內觀靜坐中所包含的系統論與控制論觀 – 以現代術語組成之太極陰陽系統來理解靜坐

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Abstract:The theory in the Vipassana Noble Eightfold meditation technique of Buddha is believedto be the Theory of Everything. However, Chinese believed that the Taichi Yin-Yangtheory is the Theory of the Universe. Albert Einstein and Richard Feynman believed inthe unity of all the equations and theories of physics to explain the nature. Could they bethe different truth of the universe? Or they are all the truth of the universe but onlyillustrated in different terminologies? It is believed that the latter one is the case. Thelinks between these theories are illustrated in this paper using modern system and controltheories.The evolution of science gave birth to our modern materialistic world. Does thismaterialism contradict with our spirituality? It is believed that both of them follow theTheory of Everything. All the contradictions arise only because of human beings, whotried to control and manipulate the universe to suit their frame of reference involvingcravings, aversions and ignorance. The practice of Vipassana meditation allows us torealize the union of materialism and spirituality, because Vipassana helps us to acquirethe ultimate wisdom, to be the master of our own mind, and to be able to make decisionsbase not on emotions but on compassion.Buddha explained the theory of our universe but said that the ultimate truth cannot be1The System Theory in the Vipassana Meditation of Buddhaexplained in the words and concepts that we use to communicate. Our common senses arebased on pattern differentiation. Our communications are based on languages. And thefundamental of all languages are mathematical logic, set theory, and Taichi Yin-Yangsystem theory, which all are again based on differentiation. Buddha said that the ultimatetruth is without differentiation, which is beyond our common senses and ourcommunication abilities. However, Buddha taught a method for everyone of us toexperience the ultimate truth ourselves. The beauty of this method is that it is simple,practical and realistic, involving no sectarianism, no imagination and no super-naturalpower. The method is similar to a virus cleaning program that will eliminates all theimpurities within our mind, allowing us to experience the ultimate truth. Even though theultimate truth cannot be explained in words, the Vipassana method itself is within ourbasic concepts and hence can be explained in terms of system and control theories.The Taichi, boundary, of this system is the “purification of my mind”. According to theTaichi Yin-Yang theory, the Yin-Yang combo will be formed in different parts of thesystem namely the internal part, and the superficial part which acts as the interfacebetween the internal and the external of the system. Research reveals that the internal Yincomponent of Vipassana method is equanimity, the balance of the mind, and the Yangcomponent is our awareness. The superficial Yin component is wisdom and the Yangcomponent is compassion. Our goal of regulation is to keep both parts of this systemworking within the balanced range of the Cold-Hot and Deficiency-Excess spectrum.The preparation stage of Vipassana meditation is Anapana meditation, the concentrationof the mind through the observation of the breath. Research shows that the techniquerequires the observer to fix the frame of reference on the entrance of the nose. Thenobserve the flow of air during breathing in and breathing out. However, only the polarityof the first derivative of the flow of air at this moment is observed. That is, whether thebreath is coming in or going out at this moment. The value of the derivative, the secondand higher derivatives, the memory of the past moments, or the prediction of the comingmoments should all be ignored.This paper will demonstrate our research of the Vipassana meditation technique as taughtby S.N. Goenka globally nowadays, in terms of the Taichi Yin-Yang system theorywhich is now structured in terms of modern system and control theories with ourresearch.Keywords: Control Theory, Differentiation & Integration, System Theory, Spiritualityand systems, The Taichi Yin-Yang system, The Four Noble Truths, Vipassana NobleEightfold Path of Buddha, Dhamma, The Theory of Everything, Vipassana Meditation AsTaught By S.N. Goenka,Systems that make a difference

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