Sciences have been developed throughout human history in order to search for a set of basic components and their relationships to one another within a certain field. System thinkers try to find a basic set of components and relationships that can be applied to all fields of science. System thinking enables the view of a big picture in a holistic perspective, so that all components, relationships, and transformations can be clearly understood by the observer.
In any system, an observer is required in order for analysis occur. In physics, speed and time do not mean anything without the frame of reference of an observer. The frame of reference of the observer determines the perspective of the analysis of the system. An observer can try to analyze a system objectively, however, being objective only means that the analysis is agreeable by a certain population of observers. There will always be a larger population of observers and hence the analysis is always relatively subjective. Objective analysis with either “no perspective” or “all perspective” is impossible, any analysis will instead take on one of an infinite number of possible perspectives.
In this paper, the properties of a general theory which can be applied in any particular perspective are analyzed. Some of the existing fundamental theories in different fields are investigated; including set theory in mathematics, relativity in physics, differential diagnosis-cure process in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Taichi Yin-Yang theory in Taoism, and Five Systems theory in the teaching of Buddha.
Reductionism was the major scientific view before world war II, its development leads to industrial revolution and modern medicine. Traditional medicine like Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurvedic Medicine, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, and Western Herbal Medicine was then considered as alternative medicine because they are seem incompatible with reductionism and allopathic medicine. However, reductionism was found to be a incomplete scientific view after world war II and a more holistic scientific view was developed namely system theory.Systemic thinking is to consider both the system and the environment when analyzing or maintaining a system, or its environment. When analyzing a particular component within a system, all other components should be considered as well.
Traditional medicine has been analyzed with the incomplete scientific theory for logical explanations about its medical theory and practice, resulting in confusion and misunderstanding. Papers or discussions which will demonstrate the application of system theory to investigate the holistic nature of any kind of traditional or alternative medicine are welcome for us to better understood medicine.
Presentation Format: 15-20 minutes presentation, 10 minutes questions
Modern medicine was developed through reductionism. Papers or discussions which will demonstrate the applications of system theory to investigate the holistic nature of any part of modern medicine are welcome. This may involve any medical or healthcare problems, departments, programs, organizations or personnels.